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Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 Two-dimensional material graphene

Nobel Prize Physics 2010 The 2010 Nobel Prize in physics has gone to the finders of a sail of carbon atoms merely a single corpuscle thick that has proven to have remarkable props. The prize was awarded to physicists Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, both of the University of Manchester in England, “for groundbreaking experimentations seeing the planar material graphene,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced Oct 5.

The cloth is created of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb design, forming a single layer thence lean that it’s intimately diaphanous. Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 For such a humble cloth, graphene displays some noteworthy properties : It acquits negatrons with highly low immunity, can direct heat 10 times better than atomic number 29 and exhibits strange quantum effects. Graphene is also flexile and stronger than steel.

“It’s an amazing little cloth,” articulates physicist Joseph Stroscio of the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Gaithersburg, Md., campus.

In a paper published in Science in 2004, Geim, Novoselov and their joint authors drew drawing out a single layer of carbon atoms from graphite, the same cloth in a pencil (ATOMIC NUMBER 50 : 10 23 04, p. 259). (A quick grocery list dashed off with a pencil might control minuscule sums of graphene, as a matter of fact.) That technically demanding feat kicked off acute enquiry as scientists hastened to characterize the bizarre material. In the six yrs since its find, near 50,000 enquiry papers on graphene have been written.
A flat sail of carbon atoms ordered in a honeycomb lattice has impressive props.
Credit : Alexander Alus.

Graphene may shape the basis for new kinds of electronics, cobwebby displays, efficient solar panels or even lightweight plastic composite materials for exercise in aerospace and other applications.

“When you match it with all of the applications, that’s what lathers physicists into a frenzy,” Stroscio articulates. “I’d wish to reckon a high speed graphene transistor in my cell phone.” .

Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 Geim and Novoselov will separate the prize money, worth about $1.5 million.

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